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How Many Catties of Concentrated Feed and Grass Feed Does a Beef Cattle Need Each Day?

Date: 12/03/2020 08:36:20 From: feed-pellet-plant.com Clicks:

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How Many Catties of Concentrated Feed and Grass Feed Does a Beef Cattle Need Each Day?

How Many Catties of Concentrated Feed and Grass Feed Does a Beef Cattle Need Each Day?

I. What is Included in the Concentrate for Raising Cattle?

Concentrated fodder refers to the seeds of gramineous and leguminous crops and their processing by-products. Generally, it contains less crude fiber and higher energy and protein. According to the content of sugar and protein, concentrated feed is divided into energy concentrate and protein concentrate.

Concentrated Feed
Concentrated Feed

(1) The crude fiber content in the dry matter of the energy feed is less than 15%, the crude protein content is less than 20%, and the non-nitrogen extract (sugar, fat) accounts for 60% to 70% of the feed is energy concentrate, including grass Cereal seeds and their processing by-products and root and tuber feed. The main purpose of using it to feed cattle is to supply energy. The nutritional characteristics of energy concentrates are high starch content, low crude fiber content, easy digestion and utilization, and less protein; less calcium and more phosphorus, more B vitamins, and less vitamin A and vitamin D. Therefore, it is best to use energy feed to feed cattle with some protein feed, and at the same time appropriate calcium and vitamin A supplementation to make the cattle's diet complete. Commonly used energy concentrates are corn, wheat, barley, oats, broken rice, cereal flour, bran, bran, sweet potato and so on.

1. Maize has a high net energy value and is easy to digest. The digestibility of nitrogen-free extract is over 90% and contains 7%-9% protein. Corn lacks lysine, methionine and tryptophan in protein, which is a high-energy feed with incomplete nutrients. It is best to use a proper amount of protein feed and supplement some inorganic salts and vitamins.

2. Wheat iron (bran) Wheat bran is a by-product of flour processing, and its nutritional value varies with the degree of flour processing. The skin of refined powder has higher nutritional value, while the skin of coarse powder has lower nutritional value. Drum skin is rich in B vitamins, with a protein content of 12% to 17%, good palatability, laxative effect and nourishing properties, less calcium and more phosphorus.

3. Rice bran (fine bran) Rice bran contains less crude protein, less crude fiber, less calcium and more phosphorus. Rice bran contains more fat and should not be fed too much to avoid diarrhea. In addition, rice bran is prone to oxidative rancidity and should not be stored for a long time.

4. Sweet potato Sweet potato contains more starch, less crude protein and crude fiber, is easy to digest, and has good palatability.

(2) Protein concentrate is a protein concentrate with a crude protein content of more than 20% and a crude fiber content of less than 18% in the dry matter of the feed. For cattle, protein feeds have a wide range, including generally protein-rich oil seeds and their processing by-products, as well as non-protein nitrogenous substances suitable for rumen microbial utilization, such as urea and biuret. Commonly used protein concentrates are mainly by-products of oil extraction, such as soybean cake, peanut cake, coconut cake, rapeseed cake, cottonseed cake, etc. Tofu residue is also a protein concentrate.

Grass Feed
Grass Feed

1. Soybean cake (soybean cake) contains 40%-45% protein. Good palatability. Raw soybeans contain antitrypsin, which hinders the digestion of protein. It is best to fry or cook raw soybeans to destroy the antitrypsin.

2. Peanut Cake (Peanut Iron) Peanut Cake is a good plant-based protein concentrate, containing 40% to 49% crude protein and good palatability. Peanut cakes should be used fresh and should not be stored for a long time, otherwise they will be easily affected by damp degeneration and contamination by Aspergillus flavus.

3. Coconut cake Coconut is one of the specialty products of Guangdong and Hainan. Coconut cake contains 18%-22% crude protein, higher crude fiber content, and higher calcium and phosphorus content.

II. How Many Catties of Fine Material Does a Cattle Need Per Day?

How much fine feed does beef cattle eat every day? Calculation method: The fine feed intake accounts for 0.7-1.1% of the beef cattle's body weight, which means: 100 catties of cattle must be guaranteed 0.7 catties of fine feed per day, and the maximum should not exceed 1.1 catties. 500 catties of cattle are guaranteed 5 catties of mixed concentrate per day, and 800 catties of beef cattle need about 8 catties of concentrate per day.

If you buy 400 catties of beef calves and start raising them, and raise them to 1400 catties for slaughter, this beef cattle weighs 900 catties a day and needs about 9.9 catties of concentrated feed every day.

If you buy 300 catties of beef calves and start raising them and raise them to 1200 catties for slaughter, this beef cattle weighs 750 catties a day and needs about 8.3 catties of concentrated feed every day.

III. How Many Catties of Fodder Does a Cattle Need to Be Raised for Slaughter?

If you start raising 400 catties of beef calves and raise them to 1400 catties, it will take 10 months and 300 days and 9.9 catties per day. This beef cattle needs about 2970 catties of concentrated feed from the introduction to the slaughter.

If you start raising 300 catties of beef calves and raise them to 1,300 catties, it will take 10 months and 300 days and 8.3 catties per day. This beef cattle needs about 2490 catties of concentrated feed from the introduction to the slaughter.

Cow and hay
Cow and hay

IV. How to Reasonably Mix Coarse Feed and Concentrated Feed

A feed pellet machine or a cattle feed pellet production line can be sufficient. If manual collocation is not only troublesome, but also not standard. If we buy a cattle feed pellet machine or a beef cattle feed pellet production line, and directly match the pellets in proportion, it is very convenient to feed cattle, and it is convenient to store and transport. Richi Machinery is a large-scale feed pellet machine and production line equipment manufacturer. The equipment is exported to 113 countries and enjoys a high reputation in China. If you are interested in animal feed machinery and equipment, please contact us!

The above is the article for you: How Many Catties of Concentrated Feed and Grass Feed Does a Beef Cattle Need Each Day?. If you are interested in our products or project solutions, please contact us. We will give you the best product quality and the best price. Email: sales@cnrichi.cn

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