Media Center

Responsible for every customer, every product and every solution

Home > Media Center > Faq

Ten Suggestions for Dairy Cow Feed Formula in Cow Feed Factory

Date: 02/19/2021 08:40:16 From: Clicks:

Kindly Reminder: If you are interested in our products, Please get in contact with us

We know that the key factor in reducing the cost of dairy cattle feed mills is to purchase a cattle feed pellet machine to produce feed, which can greatly reduce the cost of cattle feed. But only cattle feed pelletizers are not enough. High-quality cattle feed formulas can make cows produce more milk and less sick. Here is the feed pellet machine manufacturer-Richi Machinery gives you ten suggestions on dairy cow feed formula. It is important for both feed mills and cattle farms. 

Cow Feed Factory
Cow Feed Factory

Ten Suggestions for Dairy Cow Feed Preparation

1. Check the content of fibrous feed:

A. First, grab a handful of mixed feed:

Check whether the feed is fluffy and not squeezed by observing the green storage in the stirred feed.

Among them, dry matter should account for 40% to 45%, fibrous feed should account for 10%, and the length is about 5 cm.

By controlling the mixing time and feeding sequence, the corn stalks can be kneaded well without destroying the structure.

Straw and other fodder should be cut, not ground, to ensure the rumination of cows.

B. Second, check the rumination of cows:

The number of chewings before each swallowing is about 60 times, indicating that the feed is well stirred.

Stable rumen PH value is very important to prevent acidosis in dairy cows. If the ruminating action is about 2 times per minute, it is a suitable interval.

If the chewing frequency is less than 40 beats per minute, the ruminating action slows down. It shows that the rumen PH value decreases, and the fiber in the feed needs to be increased to stimulate saliva secretion and balance the rumen acidity.

2. Calculation of average feed intake:

Dry matter intake (kg) = body weight (kg) x 0.02 + milk production (kg) x 0.25

For example:

If the average milk production of a herd is 28 kg, the average weight is 650 kg.

Then the average feed intake of dry matter is:

(650x0.02) + (28x0.25) = 20 kg

3. Appropriate feed formula:

The best formula is also an economic formula. The final formula is determined according to the feeding cost and milk production.

The general principle is: 80% roughage: 20% concentrate. Can not exceed the ratio: 50% roughage: 50% concentrated feed.

4. Fibrous feed in the formula:

The content of fibrous feed is measured by NDF value

For high-yielding cows:

The NDF value is 32%~38%, of which 75% comes from forage.

Can not only use corn green storage as fibrous feed, it must be mixed with a certain amount of forage.

5. Nutrient supply in feed:

The nutrient supply depends on the average daily consumption of each cow (MJ)

Nutrition supply:

Energy per kilogram of dry matter in feed (MJ/kg dry matter) x dry matter intake (kg dry matter)

For example:

7500 kg milk production/head/year: 11.5 MJ/kg dry matter x 20 kg dry matter=230 MJ/day.

9000 kg milk production/head/year: 12.2 MJ/kg dry matter x 23 kg dry matter = 280 MJ/day.

6. Protein content in feed:

Ideal value of protein:

For ordinary dairy cows: 16% protein per kilogram of dry matter.

For high-yielding dairy cows: 18% protein per kilogram of dry matter.

7. Decomposable protein in feed:

Dairy cows must convert all nutrients and energy sources into digestible protein to a large extent.

Forages in spring are easy to decompose and digest quickly. Soybeans or pre-treated protein feeds are not easy to decompose.

If the content of decomposable protein in the feed is too small, it will cause a decrease in feed intake and milk production.

8. Improve milk production while improving milk quality:

While milk production is increasing, milk quality cannot be ignored: such as the content of protein and fat.

There should be 9.5~11 grams of effective decomposable protein and 4~4.5 grams of transformable protein in each unit of daily energy consumption.

9. Sugar in feed:

Sugar is an essential ingredient for energy sources in feed.

Green reserve is the main source of sugar, and molasses, beets, etc. can also be added.

10. Minerals in feed:

Phosphate: 0.36~0.4% of dry matter

Calcium: 0.7~0.75% of dry matter

The above are ten suggestions in the cattle feed formula for everyone. If you want to invest in a cattle feed pellet machine or cattle feed pellet production line, please contact us. Richi Machinery was established in 1995 and currently has a history of 27 years in the feed machinery industry. Our equipment is currently exported to 113 countries and regions, with CE and ISO certification. Reliable quality and long life, welcome to contact us for purchase. The output model parameters of the cattle feed pellet machine are attached for your reference.

Dairy Cattle Feed Pellet Machine
Dairy Cattle Feed Pellet Machine

Model Parameters of Dairy Cattle Feed Pellet Machine

Model Capacity(TPH) Main Motor Power(kw) Feeder Motor Power(kw) Conditioner Power(kw) Dia.of Ring Die(mm) Final Pellet(mm)
SZLH250 1-2 22 0.75 1.5 250 2~12
SZLH320 3-4 37 1.5 2.2 320 2~12
SZLH350 5-7 55 1.5 3 350 2~12
SZLH420 8-12 110 1.5 7.5 420 2~12
SZLH508 10-18 160 2.2 11 508 2~12
SZLH558 15-25 180/200 2.2 11 558 2~12
SZLH558D 14-22 160/180/200 1.5 7.5 558 2~18
SZLH678 20-30 220/250 2.2 11 678 2~12
SZLH678D 15-25 200/220/250 2.2 11 673 2~18
SZLH768 25-40 280/315 2.2 11 768 2~12
SLZH858 25-42 280/315 2.2 15 858 2~18

The above is the article for you: Ten Suggestions for Dairy Cow Feed Formula in Cow Feed Factory. If you are interested in our products or project solutions, please contact us. We will give you the best product quality and the best price. Email:


Here you can submit any questions and we will get back to you as soon as possible. We will not disclose the information you submit to anyone, please rest assured.

Your Name(*)
Your E-mail*
Your Telephone
Product Name
If you need specific information about anything about our product, please write here!

Copyright© 2021 Richi Machinery. All rights reserved.     Site Map